The monsoon plays a major role in the country’s climate. Although, there are only three distinct seasons in Myanmar, they can differ considerably in various parts of the country. In Yangon, precipitation is four times that of Bagan. The fact that the major attractions are located in the dry zone of Upper Myanmar and can be visited during the rainy season as well comes as a blessing for the country’s tourism. On the other hand, some attractions like the Golden Rock are nearly inaccessible during the rainy season. The delta and both the Rakhine and the Tanintharyi coasts also receive plenty of rainfall. Mandalay can be quite cool in winter but extremely hot in summer, while Yangon’s climate is not that extreme.

Winter: The winter that lasts from November to February is the most pleasant season for travelers. During this season, the climate is comparable to fair European summer. However, in some mountainous regions the temperatures can drop to 0 deg C.



Hot season

The Hot season starts in March and lasts until May. During this season, temperatures can easily exceed 40 deg C, even in Yangon.

Rainy season

The Rainy season starts in May and ends in November. As mentioned previously, the amount of rainfall differs from place to place. The upside of the rainy season is that there are fewer travelers around – and after every rainfall, the temperature cools down!

Medical Supplies

We highly recommend that you bring along the supplies listed under Medical Supplies in this section. Some of them being prescription drugs, it is advisable to visit your doctor beforehand and discuss the trip with him/her to obtain the necessary prescription. If in case your doctor makes recommendations contrary to the suggestions here, follow your doctor’s advice, and obtain substitutes for these items. It is not necessary to burden yourself with a lot of medicines for the trek, though you should carry enough to take care of most situations. Myanmar Eco Travels and Tours also provides a basic first aid kit on private treks that we organize, and suggest that you bring your own aspirin, band aids, etc. If you are taking an extended trek, you should equip your party to deal with possible problems and emergencies that you may encounter along the way.


Your own physician and your local Public Health Service are the best sources of information about immunizations necessary for Myanmar. The list of recommended injections in this booklet shows immunizations usually recommended for trekkers in Myanmar. We strongly recommend that you take Gamma Globulin and Meningitis protection. It is good practice to have your jabs recorded in a yellow international health certificate.

Background Information

Our staffs who accompany you on a TREK are there to show you the trails, take care of problems, cook and set up tents. They do understand simple English. They will not be able to give you all the detailed information on religious practices, culture and natural history, but the trek itself will provide a good opportunity to observe and to learn about them. You can also find many good books that cover every aspect of life in Myanmar from which you can learn considerably. You will find suggestions on reading material on various subjects in the ‘reading list’ in this booklet. If you are seriously interested in a particular subject or just want to prepare yourself further for the trek, you can visit your local library armed with our reading list and spend a few hours gaining some background information about Myanmar and its people. If you want to get the most out of your travel experiences and make the journey more than just an exercise in following an itinerary, then your research has just begun. Researching an adventure beyond that level can mean the difference between just a vacation and an unforgettable experience. The unexpected may still happen; so the better prepared you are, the more you’ll be able to understand and enjoy the trek.

Emergency medical service

International SOS has had operations in Myanmar since 1987 and opened its first Clinic and Alarm Center in Yangon in August 1995. Backed by a professional team of expatriate and national medical specialists, they provide full Out-patient and Emergency Services for members and visitors in Myanmar,
Myanmar International SOS Limited
The New World Inya Lake Hotel
37 Kaba Aye Pagoda Road
Yangon, Union of Myanmar
Clinic Tel (95) (1) 667 879
Clinic Fax (95) (1) 667 866
Alarm Tel (95) (1) 667 877
Alarm Fax (95) (1) 667 866

Email –